Who is Hindu?

There are so many definitions and descriptions of the word Hindu. Let us see some of them –

Some definitions given by our well known Leaders

– According to our ex-President and scholar Dr S Radhakrishnan, the term Hindu had originally a territorial and not credal significance. It implies residence in a well-defined geographical area. As a modern term, Hindu has evolved from the Indo-Iranian root Sindhu. This Proto-Indo-Iranian word sindhus literally refers to the “Indus River” and the culture pertaining to its long expansive valley. This is where Hindu culture first developed.

– Veer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar has described a Hindu in his famous book Hindutva as “ A Hindu means a person who regards this land of Bharatvarsha, from the Indus to the Seas as his Father Land as well as his Holy land that is the cradle land of his religion”.   For defining the word Hindu Sawarkar ji has wrote a fine couplet …

आसिंधु सिंधू-पर्यन्ता   यस्य भारत-भूमिका

पितृभू: पुण्यभूस्चैव    स वे हिंदुरीती स्मृत:

A Hindu means a person who regards this land of Bharatvarsha ( ancient India ) from Indus to the Seas as his fatherland as his holy land that is the cradle land of his religion.

–  Shri Mohan ji Bhagwat the Chief ( Sar Sanghchalak ) of World’s biggest Hindu Organisation “ Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh has said   “Anybody living in India is a Hindu & the meaning of Hindutva is to unite all communities. We have no enmity with anyone. We want welfare of all. To unite all is the meaning of Hindutva.”

Some other definitions given by Hindu Writers are as follows-

1) A Hindu is one who regards India as his motherland and the most sacred spot on earth.

2) He who calls and considers himself a Hindu is a Hindu.

3) He who accepts the Vedas, the Smritis, the Puranas and the Tantras as the basis of religion and of the rule of conduct, and believes in one Supreme God (Brahman), in the Law of Karma or retributive justice, and in reincarnation (Punarjanma), is a Hindu.

4) He who follows the Vedic or Sanatana-Dharma is a Hindu.

5) He who is a follower of the Vedanta is a Hindu.

6) He who has perfect faith in the Law of Karma, the law of reincarnation Avatara, ancestor worship, Varnashrama Dharma, Vedas and existence of God, he who practises the instructions given in the Vedas with faith and earnestness, he who does Sandhya, Sraaddha, Pitri-Tarpana and the Pancha-Maha-Yajnas, he who follows the Varnashrama Dharmas, he who worships the Avataras and studies the Vedas, is a Hindu.

7) The Hindu Maha Sabha has given another definition: “A Hindu is one who believes in a religion which has originated in India.”

In the e-resources commonly used world over following definitions are given-

1) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindus-

Hindus (Hindustani: [ˈɦɪndu]  are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism. Historically, the term has also been used as a geographical, cultural, and later religious identifier for people living in the Indian subcontinent.

The historical meaning of the term Hindu has evolved with time. Starting with the Persian and Greek references to the land of the Indus in the 1st millennium BCE through the texts of the medieval era, the term Hindu implied a geographic, ethnic or cultural identifier for people living in the Indian subcontinent around or beyond the Sindhu (Indus) river. By the 16th century, the term began to refer to residents of the subcontinent who were not Turkic or Muslims.

2)  https:// vocabulary.com-

Hindu : A Hindu is a person who believes in the religion called Hinduism. Many hindus live in India. We use the term Hindu to talk about someone who follows the teachings and practices of Hinduism or who has a cultural connection to Hinduism.

3) https://dictionary.com-

Hindu :-a person, especially of northern India, who adheres to Hinduism.

4) https://dictionary.cambridge.com

Hindu :-Someone who believes in Hinduism.

5) https://merriam-webster.com-

Hindu :-1) an adherent of Hinduism  2) A native or inhabitant of India.

We give hereunder  the most relevant answer in today’s context to the question here – Who is Hindu?

–  “ A Hindu means a person who regards this land of Bharatvarsha i.e. our beloved country India as it is standing today as his/her Father Land as well as his/her Holy land that is the cradle land of his/her religion”.